According representatives of HIT, some Asian countries showed interest to purchase the Pakistani Al-Khalid 1 main battle tank.
The Al-Khalid was developed and manufactured in collaboration with the Chinese defense industry. Most of the main components of the Al-Khalid 1 are based on the Chinese main battle tank Type-90II.
Heavy Industries Taxila started production of Al-Khalid 1 in November 2000. Currently, a total of 355 Al-Khalid tanks are in service with the Pakistani army.
The layout of the Al-Khalid 1 is conventional, with the driver’s compartment at the front, turret in the centre and the power pack at the rear.
The turret and hull are of all-welded steel armour construction and an additional layer of composite armour has been added over the frontal arc, to which explosive reactive armour can be added if required. Turret thickness at the front is estimated to be 600 mm with the glacis/nose estimated to be 450 to 470 mm.
Main armament of the Al-Khalid 1 consists of a 125 mm smoothbore gun fitted with a thermal sleeve and a fume extractor. This can fire APFSDS (muzzle velocity 1,760 m/s), HEAT (muzzle velocity 850 m/s) and HE-FRAG (muzzle velocity 950 m/s). It can also fire a laser guided projectile fitted with a HEAT warhead. The gun is fed by an automatic loader enabling the crew to be reduced to three – commander, gunner and driver.
The Al-Khalid 1 is equipped with a laser range-finder and a computerised fire-control system.
The computerised fire-control system includes a bi-axis stabilised dual magnification gunners sight, bi-axis stabilised commanders sight with hunter killer capability, computer, commander’s control panel, laser range-finder, crosswind sensor, tilt sensor and angle velocity sensor. This allows the Al-Khalid 1 to engage moving targets under day and night conditions.